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Lodash _.partialRight

Overview

Lodash is a popular JavaScript utility library that provides versatile functions to manipulate and work with arrays, collections, and objects. One of the many helpful methods in Lodash is _.partialRight. This method allows you to create a new function with preset arguments in the right-most position of the original function.

To understand _.partialRight better, let's first consider how arguments are passed in JavaScript functions. When you call a function with arguments, each argument is mapped to a corresponding parameter in the function declaration. For example:

function add(a, b) {
  return a + b;
}
add(2, 3); // returns 5

In this example, when we call add(2, 3), the value 2 is mapped to the parameter a, and the value 3 is mapped to the parameter b.

But what if we wanted to create a new function that calls add with b already set to 3? This is where _.partialRight comes in.

const add3 = _.partialRight(add, 3);
add3(2); // returns 5

In this example, _.partialRight creates a new function add3 that calls the original add function with 3 as the last argument. We then call add3(2), which is equivalent to calling add(2, 3), and returns 5.

_.partialRight also allows you to provide additional arguments that will come before the preset right-most arguments. For example:

function multiply(a, b, c) {
  return a * b * c;
}
const multiplyBy3 = _.partialRight(multiply, 3);
multiplyBy3(4, 5); // returns 60

In this example, multiplyBy3 is a new function that calls multiply with its second argument already set to 3. However, when we call multiplyBy3(4, 5), the value 4 is still mapped to the first parameter a, and the value 5 is mapped to the parameter b. The 3 argument is used as the last argument, multiplying a, b, and 3 together to return 60.

_.partialRight is particularly helpful for creating new functions based on existing functions that have a lot of arguments or complex parameter orders. By providing preset arguments to _.partialRight you can simplify the function signature, making it more concise and easier to use in other parts of your codebase.

In conclusion, _.partialRight is a useful method in Lodash that allows you to create a new function with preset arguments in the right-most position of the original function. Whether you need to simplify your function signature or fixate a specific argument in a function call, _.partialRight can help.